was the fortress of Russian Tsar’s Empire, and the big one. So what? So, that
it imprinted its existence in history, architecture, urban planning of the city.
What has left, besides the Citadel and a few widely known forts? Other, less
known, inaccessible forts, remains of them, sites of those, which disappeared.
Traces of embankments, moats. Layout of the streets, buildings. One can learn
more, for example from the book “Twierdza Warszawa” or "Fortress of
Our small project “Tracing Fortress of Warsaw” is going on, for long time
already. Based on old plans, coming from before WWII, we created map of the
fortress. Using it in the field, we go is quest for existing and non-existing
objects. On foot and, recently more often, on bike.
accomplished following of inner circle of forts, which were in mayor part
interconnected with embankments and moats. Not much is left, but always
something. Currently we are visiting forts of outer circle. Each of them is a
robust, non-demanding destination for daily bicycle trip. We mark all discovered
traces and objects on our map. Accessibility map would be
surely more useful, but it would require frequent updates.
“Private property” replaced very effectively “Military area” notes not